(23) For the tariff treatment of certain products that are the product of Thailand, the general note 4, point d), and the corresponding HTS sub-positions are amended in accordance with Schedule VIII of publication 5060. 11. Executive Order 11651 of 3 March 1972 (textile agreements) established the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements (CITA), made up of representatives of the ministries, the Ministry of Finance, Trade and Labour, as well as the USTR office, representing the Ministry of Commerce, as President, to oversee the implementation of textile trade agreements. In accordance with Title 301, United States Code, public servants who perform these functions jointly are public servants who must be appointed by the President with the approval of the Council and the Senate when performing duties entrusted by law to the President and are entrusted by the President. 8. The Minister of Commerce is authorized to exercise the authority of the President, pursuant to Section 105 (a) of the USMCA Implementation Act, to establish or appoint an office within the Department of Commerce to perform the functions covered in this section. 14. Section 1206 (a) of the Omnibus Trade and Competitiveness Act of 1988 (public law 100-418, 102 stat. 1107, 1151 (19 U.S.C. 3006 (a) ) authorizes the President to announce changes to the HTS on the basis of the Commission`s recommendations under Section 1205 of the 1988 Act (19 P.C 3005) when the President notes that the amendments are underway in accordance with U.S.

obligations under the International Convention on the harmonized system of description and coding of goods („Convention“ and not at odds with the national economic interests of the United States. The agreement between the United States – Mexico- Canada (USMCA in the United States, „CUSMA“ in Canada and „T-MEC“ in Mexico) came into force on July 1, 2020. The trade agreement between the three countries replaces the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). On June 19, 2019, the Mexican Senate ratified the agreement (114 yes, 3 no, 3 abstentions). [88] Mexico`s ratification process will be completed when the President announces its ratification to the Federal Register. Growing objections within Member States to U.S. trade policy and various aspects of the USMCA have had an impact on the signing and ratification process. Mexico said it would not sign the USMCA if tariffs on steel and aluminum were maintained. [62] Based on the results of the November 6, 2018 U.S. election, it has been speculated that the greater power of Democrats in the House of Representatives could jeopardize the passage of the USMCA agreement. [63] [64] Bill Pascrell, a senior Democrat, argued for changes to the USMCA to pass Congress.

[65] Republicans have opposed the USMCA provisions that impose labour rights on LGBTQ and pregnant workers. [66] Forty Republicans in Congress have asked Mr. Trump not to sign an agreement that includes „the unprecedented integration of sexual orientation and the language of gender identity.“ As a result, Trump ultimately signed a revised version that required each nation only to „policies it deems appropriate to protect workers from discrimination in the workplace“ and said the United States would not be required to introduce additional non-discrimination laws. [67] The Canadian government expressed concern about the changes that have occurred under the USMCA agreement. [68] 13. Section 611 (a) of the USMCA Implementation Act requires the President to consult with the relevant committees and stakeholders of Congress before any joint review, in accordance with Section 34.7 of the USMCA. Sectoral chapters, including Chapter 12, on FDA-regulated products have not been considered in most previous trade agreements, including NAFTA. Therefore, the inclusion of these annexes by the USMCA is not just an innovation in the United States.