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Despite lingering concerns about this policy, there are more similarities. For example, federal and provincial laws would continue to apply to each First Nation, its government, its institutions, its reserves and all persons on their reserves. With regard to security, point 11.7 states: „A federal law on peace, order and good government, criminal law, protection of the health and safety of all Canadians, protection of human rights or other matters of greater national importance prevails to the extent that a conflict with a law of a first nation or the Anishinabek nation prevails within the framework of that agreement.“ For more information on the governance agreement, please visit the ANGA website. Others criticize the agreement on the grounds that it necessarily leaves fundamental questions of autonomy unanswered. Although Section 35 of the Constitution guarantees autonomy as an Aboriginal law, it still needs to be defined legally, according to Russ Diabo, a Mohawk policy analyst. Bayer also points out that the takeover of citizenship laws would allow individual First Nations and the Anishinabek Nation to commit to funding based on their own citizenship lists rather than on the more restrictive federal list of Indian status. „And so what we want to do,“ says Bayer, „is to use the power that recognizes the agreement to develop our own citizenship law, then to develop our own citizenship lists, and then to sue the government to fund the programs and services it provides in our communities after our citizens.“ According to Bayer, the agreement will also confirm the nation`s ability to integrate cultural elements into official government missions – for example, fissulation at Council meetings. BEFORE YEAR`S END, Canada and anishinabek Nation (an organization representing 40 First Nations in Ontario and about 60,000 members) are trying to conclude nearly 25 years of negotiations on a self-management agreement. This follows the work of the Anishinabek Nation to establish the Anishinabek National Education Agreement and work on a child protection law. In fact, the organization is often cited by Canadian officials such as Crown Aboriginal Relations Minister Carolyn Bennett as an example of a progressive First Nation. „The political effect [of ANGA] will be to transform these groups into a kind of indigenous ethnic community, not self-determined nations,“ writes Diabo, who studies the federal implementation of governance agreements. „Highlighting a set of conditional rights through these agreements, instead of recognizing the inherent right to self-determination, will effectively empty Section 35 of any real political or economic importance.“ The budget agreement will help ensure that First Nations with respect to Ishinabek can improve their governance systems on their own, including initiatives to protect and strengthen language and culture. Another problem is the degree of uncertainty that remains at stake.

Chapter 13 of the ANGA contains a long list of topics that have not yet been addressed and instead for „Future negotiations… [including] social services, administration of justice, health, land and resource management, work and training, marriage, divorce, economic development, authorization, regulation and corporate disamen`s, public words and infrastructure, housing, Indian funds, wills and stands, emergency prevention, taxes , transport and transport, environmental protection, conservation and evaluation, police work, all other issues agreed by the contracting parties. It seems that the citizens of Anishinabek must vote and wait to see how these new instruments of governance and law will be applied or negotiated.